Darul Uloom Abu Bakr is an Islamic institute of education established by Mufti Siraj Desai. The Darul Uloom serves as a base for coordinating various Islamic activities in Port Elizabeth and the Eastern Cape province of South Africa.
|Laws of the Qurbani Animal|
TYPES OF ANIMALS ALLOWED IN QURBANI
A goat or sheep must be exactly one year of age or more.
An ox should be 2 %* years or above, and a camel should be five years or more.
If an animal is even one day under the age limit, qurbani of that animal is not permitted.
A sheep of about 6 months, which is so fat and healthy that it resembles normal one year old sheep, is allowed for qurbani.
DEFECTS IN THE QURBANI ANIMAL
1. The following animals are not allowed in Qurbani:
a. An animal blind in one or both eyes.
b. An animal without ears from birth.
c. An animal with a third or more of the ear or tail missing.
d. A lame animal which walks with only three legs, the fourth being totally useless.
e. An animal without teeth, or which has lost most of its teeth.
f. An animal the horns of which have broken off from the roots.
g. Such an emaciated animal the bones of which protrude from the skin.
h. A cow with more than one udder missing.
2. If an animal limps but supports itself on the lame leg to a certain extent, it can be offered in qurbani.
However, if it does not use the lame leg at all when walking, qurbani of it will not be jaiz, as stated in 'd' above.
3. Lean, thin animals are permitted in qurbani as long as they are not so emaciated as mentioned in 'g' above.
But it is much more rewarding to cut healthy animals for qurbani.
4. It is permissible to make qurbani of animals born without horns. Similarly, if part of the horns had broken off, qurbani is still allowed as long as they are not uprooted.
5. Qurbani of castrated animals is also permissible, in fact this is more meritorious.
6. An animal with scabies is also allowed in qurbani. But if due to the disease the animal has become extremely thin and weak, qurbani of it will not be permissible.
7. If after purchasing an animal for qurbani such a fault developed in that animal which rendered it unfit for qurbani then for one upon whom qurbani was wajib from the very outset, it is incumbent to acquire another animal in its place. The defective animal can no longer be offered in qurbani.
For one upon whom qurbani was not wajib from the beginning, it will be permissible to sacrifice that same, defective animal.
8. If a defect occurs in the animal while slaughtering, this will not affect the qurbani. One should continue with the slaughtering.
9. A cow with only one udder missing is allowed in qurbani.
FURTHER LAWS REGARDING QURBANI ANIMALS
1. If the qurbani animal bears milk, it will not be jaiz for the owner to extract the milk and use it. When the udders are very full the milk could be removed but must be given to the poor.
2. The same law will apply to the hair and wool of the animal. Prior to qurbani the animal should not be sheared. If it is, then the hair or wool thus removed must also be given in sadaqa. The owner is not permitted to utilize this.
3. If the wool or milk was sold, it will be wajib upon the owner to give the proceeds to the poor.
4. Prior to qurbani no part of the animal may be removed and used for whatever purpose. Once qurbani is done all but FIVE PARTS of the animal may be used as one wishes.
THE FOLLOWING FIVE PARTS OF AN ANIMAL ARE HARAAM FOR CONSUMPTION:
THE GALL BLADDER, THE URINARY BLADDER, THE GLANDS, THE BLOOD AND THE MALE AND FEMALE GENITALIA.
5. It is permissible to sacrifice a pregnant animal. However if the pregnancy is in an advanced stage then qurbani of such an animal will be makrooh.
6. If the babe could be delivered before expiry of the days of qurbani,this should be done. Thereafter the mother will be sacrificed.
In this case the newborn animal should also be slaughtered and given to the poor. It can also be given alive to the poor(which may be preferable in some cases).
It cannot be eaten or sold by the owner. If it is sold the money received for it must go to the poor. It is also not proper for the owner to keep that animal for the following year's qurbani.
7. If the qurbani period will expire before the birth of the baby then the mother should be sacrificed. In this case the baby should be removed from the dead animal. If it is still alive the same laws as in no. 6 will apply. If dead, it should be buried. To eat it is haraam.
8. If one upon whom qurbani is wajib loses his animal and subsequently purchases another, and then happens to find the first animal, he has the option of sacrificing either one of the two. It is not wajib on him to sacrifice both animals.
If however, he decides to sacrifice the second animal(not the one that was lost), he should compare its price with the first. If it is lesser in price than the first, then the difference in cash must be given to the poor.
9. If this (losing the qurbani animal) happens to one upon whom qurbani was not wajib, he is exempted from qurbani. But, if he had bought another animal, and then finds the first, it is wajib upon him to now sacrifice BOTH animals.
10. If the qurbani animal dies then one upon whom qurbani was wajib should buy another animal, whereas for one upon whom it was not wajib, qurbani is waived. Such a person need not purchase another animal.
11. It is makrooh for one on whom qurbani is wajib to substitute one animal for another, after having specially bought the first for qurbani. But should this be done the qurbani of the second animal will be valid.
One on whom the sacrifice is not wajib cannot substitute the first animal. If such a person buys a second animal, the qurbani of BOTH becomes wajib.
12. After purchasing an animal for qurbani it will not be proper to sell that animal. However, if it is sold, the owner will have to buy a SIMILAR animal, or one BETTER than it for qurbani.
If he buys an animal inferior to the first, he should compare the value(not price) of both, and then give away the difference in charity.
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